Philippe Lopez/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images周三，正值7月22日香港民眾公投選舉下一屆港督的宣傳時期，抗議者用廁紙展示香港《基本法》。
為了表達憤怒程度，梁家傑周三帶領一些人在中央政府駐香港聯絡辦公室門前舉行了抗議，該辦公室是共產黨負責香港事務的機構。社會民主連線(The League of Social Democrats)以及其他政黨也各自舉行了抗議，他們在抗議中燒了代表白皮書的紙張。
作為對白皮書的回應，香港大律師公會(Hong Kong Bar Association)表示，法官「不應該被視為在工作上被加入政治要求的『治港者』或管治團隊的一部分。」該組織還警告說，把政治試金石強加於法官將會削弱香港對法治的尊敬。
一份最近的調查發 現，在接受調查的香港居民中，有一半以下的人相信「一國兩制」會持續下去，這反映出，自2008年金融危機爆發以來，人們對該政策的信心不斷下滑。在另外 一份調查中，不到十分之一的受調查者只是「有些」相信梁振英將會允許一個更公正的提名程序，也就是不排斥那些與北京觀點相悖的人參加競選。翻譯：張亮亮
Beijing’s ‘White Paper’ Sets Off a Firestorm in Hong Kong
June 12, 2014
In December 1984, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher of Britain and Prime Minister Zhao Ziyang of China signed a document in Beijing pledging to restore Hong Kong to Chinese control. One of the basic policies laid out in the declaration was that while Hong Kong would be “directly under the authority of” Beijing, it would “enjoy a high degree of autonomy except in foreign and defense affairs.”
But on Tuesday, Beijing released a new report asserting its authority over the territory, igniting a firestorm of criticism from many people in Hong Kong who said that the Communist leadership was reneging on its pledges to abide by the “one country, two systems” policy that allows for a democratic, autonomous Hong Kong under Beijing’s rule.
Philippe Lopez/Agence France-Presse — Getty ImagesDemonstrators displayed Hong Kong's Basic Law as toilet paper on Wednesday, while promoting a June 22 referendum on proposals for choosing the territory's next leader.
“We were taken completely aback by the white paper,” Alan Leong Kah-kit, a legislator and leader of the pro-democracy Civic Party, said in referring to the report. “It is rewriting ‘one country, two systems’ for us.”
Showing the extent of the anger, Mr. Leong led a protest Wednesday at the liaison office of the Chinese government, the Communist Party’s arm that deals with Hong Kong affairs. And The League of Social Democrats and other political groups held a separate demonstration where props that meant to represent the white paper were set afire.
Mr. Leong, also a barrister and a former candidate for the city’s top job, said that with the white paper, Beijing was reneging on its promises, and he also objected to the paper’s suggestion that political requirements factor into the selection of the city’s judges.
The report “redefines what a high degree of autonomy is, and even go so far as to suggest that our court should be manned by judges who have this political perspective to maintain the prosperity of not only Hong Kong but the country,” he said. “Honestly, had the white paper been published in 1990, when the Basic Law was promulgated, I can bet you anything that Hong Kong would not have reverted to Chinese sovereignty as smoothly as we did.”
Reacting to the white paper, the Hong Kong Bar Association said that judges “are not to be regarded as part of ‘Hong Kong’s administrators’ or part of the governance team upon whom a political requirement is imposed.” It warned that imposing political litmus tests on judges would undermine Hong Kong’s respect for the rule of law.
Maria Tam Wai-chu, a member of the Hong Kong government’s Basic Law Committee and head of the delegation to China’s legislature, said in a radio interview that Beijing’s release of the white paper is timed to the debate over granting Hong Kong universal suffrage, and that the people of Hong Kong should not think that they “could do whatever the law did not forbid.”
As pro-democracy groups are demanding that Beijing adhere to its previously stated intent to allow universal suffrage, the current administration of Hong Kong’s chief executive, Leung Chun-ying, is scheduled to release a proposal before the end of the year on selecting Hong Kong’s next top official.
Raising the stakes in the debate are plans by the group Occupy Central to stage a civil disobedience campaign that threatens to block traffic in the city’s central business district if the proposal does not allow the public to nominate the candidates for chief executive; Beijing has been sending signals that it will only allow candidates who show loyalty to the Communist leadership.
Occupy Central will hold a citywide unofficial vote from June 20 to 22 to rally public support for its protest plans. A more radical group of activists has pledged to occupy the city’s Legislative Council if the government devises a reform proposal that restricts who can be nominated as Hong Kong’s leader.
On Tuesday, foreign business groups warned that planned protests could have very negative consequences for the Hong Kong economy. In newspaper ads, Canadian, Indian, Italian and Bahraini groups called for organizers to reconsider the protest plans.
‘‘Occupy Central could potentially cripple commerce in the Central Business District, impacting small local businesses and large multinational operations,’’ the ads said.
Michael DeGolyer, a political analyst, said of the white paper: “The report was released in seven different languages at the same time. This is clearly not a document just meant for mainland Chinese and Hong Kongers, this is clearly a document meant to make a case internationally to lay out a legal basis for action by the central government.”
“Hong Kong has been read the riot act,” he said. “It is very clearly laying the basis for action to Occupy Central, because the document says the central government has the right and the obligation to call out the People’s Liberation Army if it thinks the nation is in peril.”
A recent survey found that less than half of the people in Hong Kong who were polled are confident that the “one country, two systems” would endure, reflecting a steady decrease since the financial crisis in 2008. In a separate poll, fewer than one in 10 respondents had even “some” belief that Leung Chun-ying would allow a fair nominating process that did not exclude candidates whose views are at odds with Beijing’s views.