US Says China's Government, Military Used Cyberespionage 美報告指中國政府和軍方從事網絡間諜活動
US Says China's Government, Military Used Cyberespionage
While American officials have long charged that China is a top perpetrator of cyberespionage, a new Pentagon report goes a step further, blaming some cyberintrusions directly on the government and its military.
The report also outlined Chinese investments in new Navy ships, advanced fighter planes and so-called anti-access military systems─those aimed at keeping ships and other forces out of an area. The report said China's cyberespionage was designed to benefit China's defense and technology industry and to gain insight into U.S. policy makers' thinking on China.
'China is using its computer network exploitation capability to support intelligence collection against the U.S. diplomatic, economic, and defense industrial base sectors that support U.S. national defense programs,' according to the report, an annual assessment prepared at the direction of Congress.
A spokesman for the Chinese Embassy in Washington said officials in Beijing planned to address the report on Tuesday.
The report says China has deployed antiship cruise missiles aboard its naval vessels, and has been advancing its development of ballistic missiles that could threaten American naval vessels.
While the development of the antiship missiles, including the DF-21D, has long been discussed by the Pentagon, the report marks the first time the Pentagon says the missile was deployed with at least a limited operational capability.
It has a range of more than 930 miles and has a maneuverable warhead that makes it more accurate. The report said the antiship missile 'gives the PLA the capability to attack large ships, including aircraft carriers, in the western Pacific Ocean.'
At a briefing at the Pentagon, David Helvey, the deputy assistant secretary of defense for East Asia, didn't say whether China had the necessary satellite network in place to allow its missiles to hit moving ships. But he noted that China had conducted 'a significant number of space launches' in the past year. 'It's something that we're watching very, very carefully,' he said.
Outside defense analysts noted that the report clearly outlined the implications of China's military modernization and the expansion of its focus from Taiwan to the wider region.
'China is going back to its historical role in the world. Put in simpler terms it means China is expanding its influence into other areas,' said Anthony Cordesman, a defense analyst at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Mr. Cordesman said the report was more detailed than previous iterations. He also said over time, the annual Pentagon document has become more balanced, analytical and useful.
'If you happen to be Chinese in China and you want to get a clear picture of China's military efforts you are going to have to read a U.S. document.'
JULIAN E. BARNES
美 國戰略與國際研究中心(Center for Strategic and International Studies)防務分析師科德斯曼(Anthony Cordesman)說﹐中國將重新在世界舞台上扮演其在過去的歷史上曾扮演過角色﹔更簡單地說﹐就是中國正將影響力擴大至其它地方。
JULIAN E. BARNES