|Garry Andrew Lotulung/Pacific Press, via Getty Images|
|• In Indonesia, the 20 million people who follow traditional beliefs, or aliran kepercayaan, are still waiting for an end to decades of unofficial discrimination, despite a major court ruling in their favor in November.|
|Indonesia guarantees freedom of religion but the government recognizes only six: Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Protestantism, Catholicism and Confucianism. Above, a Baduy tribesman in Banten, Indonesia, in 2015.|
|“Why can these big global religions spread and be recognized,” one traditional believer said, “but the original religion of Indonesia cannot?”|
Aliran Kepercayaan[note 1] is an official cover term for various, partly syncretic forms of mysticism in Indonesia. It includes kebatinan, kejiwan, and kerohanian.
Kebatinan can be described as an amalgam of animist, Hindu-Buddhist, and Islamic (especially Sufi) mystical elements that combine to form Javanese mysticism. According to Caldarola, kepercayaan "is not an apt characterization of what the mystical groups have in common". The US State Department's states: